Your foundation is arguably one of the most important parts of your house. As a barrier between your home and the earth, foundations work to keep buildings level, sturdy, and dry. Because your home rests on top of the large block of cement, it goes without saying that you want your foundation to last and you want it to be strong. Unfortunately, that is not always the case and damage can happen. One of the most serious types of foundation damage is a horizontal foundation crack. These cracks run parallel to the ground and signify that your foundation has been compromised. Needless to say, this is an extremely dangerous situation.
Horizontal Foundation Crack vs. Vertical Foundation Crack
There are several types of foundation cracks but let’s take a look at the differences between the most serious type of crack (horizontal) and the most common type of crack (vertical).
Vertical Cracks– These cracks are generally more common. The crack will run perpendicular to the floor and they can have several causes. The most common cause of a vertical crack is concrete shrinkage. These cracks are also generally the easiest to repair.
Horizontal Cracks– These cracks are much more serious and require an immediate professional inspection and repair. These types of cracks can escalate to the point of collapse, causing irreplaceable damage.
Causes of a Horizontal Foundation Crack
Like any foundation damage, there are several reasons why there may be a horizontal crack in your foundation. The most common cause of this type of crack is hydrostatic water pressure. This happens when water pools on the outside of your foundation, exerting force on the concrete. This pooling water can also put lateral pressure on the walls of your basement, causing them to bow, which can lead to a horizontal crack.
How a Horizontal Foundation Crack is Repaired
While vertical foundation cracks can sometimes be fixed by yourself, horizontal foundation cracks require an expert. Since this type of damage is so threatening and dangerous, it is best to call in a professional if you have any suspicion that you may have a horizontal foundation crack. A common method used to fix these types of cracks is to inject urethane or epoxy into the crack. This works to stabilize the concrete, preventing further damage. In extreme cases, it can be necessary to lift the house using hydraulics and repair the foundation that way. Fixing a horizontal foundation crack can get pretty expensive, but it is worth it if it means you get to keep your house.
Call Innovative Foundations If You Have A Horizontal Foundation Crack
If you notice any horizontal foundation cracks in your house, Innovation Foundations can help. Our experts have the knowledge and experience to give you the sense of security that a house should have. Whether for a horizontal or vertical foundation crack, or the maintenance of your pier and beam foundation, Innovative Foundations is here. Give us a call so we can help you with any of your foundation needs!